Remote Teaching



The modality of a course or program determines whether or not the teaching and learning is done fully online, partly online or web-enabled (supported with online platforms, such as Brightspace). These three modalities and their characteristics are described below.


In online education, (almost) all teaching and learning takes place online. This means that the transmission of content, the interaction and the independent practice are all web-based. An online program or course can be done fully and successfully without any offline activities. Although offline activities, such as meet-ups and practice sessions, can be designed in addition to the course, all participants should be able to reach all the set goals without taking part in these offline activities.

Blended or hybrid

A blended (or hybrid)* program or course uses the best of both worlds. As with any program, the teaching and learning activities are designed carefully considering the learning goals, but in this case delivery is also taken into account. In general, the more passive activities and/or the ones that can be executed at one’s own pace take place in an (individual) online setting. The available face-to-face time is spent on more interactive activities, such as discussions, simulations and feedback. So, for example, students watch knowledge clips online and prepare a case study in their own time, to later discuss their findings in an interactive online or on-campus seminar.

* “Hybrid learning and blended learning seem the same but that is not the case. Blended learning focuses on the combination between offline and online learning, whereas hybrid learning is about finding the right mix for you out of all the possibilities in learning, no matter if they are offline or online” (anewspring - Jan 8, 2016)


Courses and programs that are web-enabled will have most teaching done in a face-to-face setting. Online tools, learning management systems (such as Brightspace) and online resources are used to store important information and hand in assignments. They can also be used to provide additional resources for students, such as videos, models and readings. Most of Leiden University’s courses are web-enabled.

Current situation: Emergency Remote teaching

Although remote teaching suggests that it takes place fully online - and given the current circumstances it probably is - it can include offline elements, making it more of a blended program or course. More information about the current situation regarding remote teaching at Leiden University can be found on the Why remote teaching page on this website.